This page highlights some common words and phrases surrounding housing affordability. It may be useful as a reference in further understanding various housing topics.
Affordable Housing – Affordable housing is generally defined as housing on which the occupant is paying no more than 30% of gross income for housing costs, including utilities.
Approved Affordable Housing – Affordable housing that includes a long-term affordability restriction where the cost of housing and income of the household are known and monitored for a specific period of time.
Area Median Income – The area median income (AMI) for a household is the same as the income limits for families published in accordance with 42 U.S.C. 1437a(b)(2), available under the heading for “Access Individual Median Family Income Areas”. This information is available at https://www.huduser.gov/portal/datasets/il.html.
Community Land Trust (CLT) – A way to separate land from homes for the purpose of transferring a title to a home without selling the land. The land remains with a non-profit that holds title to the land and manages the ground leases. The homes can be sold to other income qualified buyers during a 99-year ground lease. A CLT is typically managed by a non-profit that provides permanently affordable housing units by acquiring land and removing it from the price of the home.
Cost Burdened – Households that pay more than 30% of their gross income on housing costs, which includes mortgage principal, interest, property tax, and homeowner’s insurance, or rent and utilities.
Income Levels – In Collier County, affordable housing specifically includes the following income level targets for the area and are based on income categories determined by the Secretary of the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development:
- Extremely low income – Households where income is 0% – 30% of the median area income
- Very low income – Households where income is 30% – 50% of the median area income
- Low income – Households where income is 50% – 80% of the area median income
- Moderate income – Households where income is 80% – 120% of the area median income
- Gap income – Households where income is 120% – 140% of the area median income